· Post-Doctoral Fellow, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, 2010-2011.
. Ph.D. Sociology, Binghamton University, Summer 2008.
. M.A. Modern Turkish History, Boğaziçi University, 2000.· B.A. Sociology, Boğaziçi University, 1997. DissertationDissertation Title: “The Great Divergence in the Ottoman Middle East, 1820-1908”Dissertation Committee: Çağlar Keyder (chair), Donald Quataert, Richard Lee, Ravi A. Palat